Icon Explanation: The Holy Chinese Martyrs & The Boxer Rebellion
The following explanation of the icon, "The Holy Chinese Martyrs & The Boxer Rebellion", is reproduced here from the
St. John The Baptist, Russian Orthodox Church in Canberra, Australia written by Robert A. Arakak.
The Orthodox Church believes that the icon is a window into heaven. In other words the icon makes visible
the very real but invisible reality of Christ and the saints. The Orthodox Church also believes that the
icon is the word of God in visual form. In other words this icon is a visual sermon that speaks to us about
the heroic faith of the Chinese Martyrs, their willingness to die for Jesus Christ.
When I looked at this icon I asked myself: What are they doing? What are they looking at? What are they
doing with their hands? What is their body posture like? Are there any writings in the icon?
Starting from the bottom of the icon we see a large group of people looking at us. It is a mixed group. It
is made up of clergy and laity, men and women, adult and children, boys and girls. All of them are wearing
haloes, the haloes signifying their having attained sainthood. (In the Orthodox Church salvation that
is, life in Jesus Christ is available to both adults and children.)
The golden haloes represent the "crown of righteousness" and the "crown of glory"
promised to those who keep the faith and who love the appearing of Jesus Christ. Notice that everyone in
the icon has a cross. This represents the cross that Christ gives us when we become his followers: "If
anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. For whoever wants to
save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me and for the gospel will save it." Bodily
posture is also important. Their standing upright signify the fact that the Chinese martyrs are very much
awake and conscious in heaven right now. It also symbolizes the Orthodox Church's belief that when we die
we do not experience soul sleep but enter fully conscious into Christ's presence.
One thing I like about this icon are the little details that carry much meaning. I see little details like
the Chinese style clothing, the long braided pigtail worn by St. Paul (standing to the right of Fr.
Metrophanes'), the distinctive Chinese style kung fu slippers on their feet, the Asian features on their
faces. When I looked at the front row I expected to see the priest Fr. Metrophanes Tsi-Chung in the center,
instead I see the priest with his wife St. Tatiana.
The fact that Metrophanes is of Chinese ancestry points to Orthodoxy's commitment to an indigenous clergy.
Orthodoxy in China was not a foreign religion, but a religion with deep roots in Chinese culture. Also
please note that the priest depicted in this icon is a married priest. More than that, he was a married
priest with three sons. A family man with three sons! All this points to a powerful affirmation of Chinese
family values. But what really impresses me is that here is a family willing to die for Christ. Imagine! A
whole family who loved Jesus Christ more than anything else in the world.
A careful examination of the front row shows other signs of family affection. In the left corner we see a
little boy clinging to his father's robe. In the middle we see a mother putting her hand on her son's
shoulder in a gesture of love and protection. In the right corner we see two sisters holding hands
together. As I look upwards I see two buildings in the background. On the left a Russian Orthodox Church building
with the distinctive onion shaped dome. And on the right a building in the distinctive Chinese architecture.
This represents the dignity and wisdom of Chinese culture. The Chinese martyrs standing between the two
buildings shows them standing between the two cultures.
Looking further up I see the Lord Jesus Christ in heaven extending both hands in the gesture of blessing.
Christ's position at the very top of the icon points to Christ's Lordship over all creation, his
transcendence over all cultures: East and West. So likewise his extending out both hands in the gesture of
blessing points to Christ's extending his grace and mercy to the whole world. This brings to mind the words
in John's Gospel: "For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son...."
In closing I would like to bring to your attention that for the Orthodox Christian, the icon is more than
just a reminder of the past. This icon is a spiritual bridge linking us Christians living today to the
Chinese Martyrs who died a hundred years ago. This leads us to the ancient belief in the communion of the
saints. From the beginning, Christians have not only remembered the saints and the martyrs, they asked the
saints to remember them in their prayers. This is the significant of the eyes. Do you notice that the eyes
of the Chinese Martyrs are looking at you? This is an invitation for you to enter into fellowship with them.
It is also an invitation for us to ask them to pray to Christ for our salvation and for the salvation of
China to the glory of God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.