Orthodox Christians and Thanksgiving
The Pilgrims who came to America in 1620, brave as they were, were religious sectarians who wanted
nothing to do with the Papal Church or Church of England. They arrived in what they considered the
"Promised Land" for the sake of their free religious expression where they could live the Gospel in
what they considered its purest form. Stripped from all the traditions of Christian Europe, they
abandoned even celebrations such as Christmas, since the date of Christ's birth was not in the
Bible. Unbeknown to them however, a feast between them and Native American tribes, whom they relied
on for survival, has come down as probably America's most popular tradition.
Of course, Thanksgiving as we know it today did not originate with the Pilgrims, though their
feast is the model for it. This is one of the mythologies surrounding Thanksgiving. Another myth
of Thanksgiving is that it is traditional for Americans to have a feast on days proclaimed by U.S.
Presidents as days of Thanksgiving. In fact, Thanksgiving in early America called for a day of
prayer and fasting, not family gathering, football watching and feasting on turkey and all the
other good stuff. Read more here, here and here.
Orthodox Christians in America are in a unique position regarding the celebration of Thanksgiving,
which is our patriotic duty. Thanksgiving is no longer a time of fasting, but of feasting with
family and friends (something which began to take shape after the Civil War in the 19th century
and the Lincoln proclamation). For those who follow the New Calendar especially, the giant feast
associated with Thanksgiving coincides with a period of 40-day fasting prior to Christmas, though
it sometimes falls within the Old Calendar fasting period as well (when fasting begins on November
28th). Generally, however, a dispensation is granted by local bishops and priests to allow the
Orthodox faithful to participate in this traditional American holiday as a harvest festival, a
time for families to come together and celebrate, and to offer thanks to God for all He grants to
us both individually, as a family and as a country. The Advent season is usually a lenient fasting
time also, so such "economia" should not be looked upon as a big deal (see here). Ideally it is
recommended for Orthodox to celebrate the Divine Liturgy on Thanksgiving morning prior to feasting,
since the Eucharist is the ultimate offering of thanksgiving to God.
Below are a few helpful articles written by Orthodox Christians regarding the holiday of
Dispelling Confusion About
Fasting During Thanksgiving
What is So Orthodox at
Meal of Unity: Christian Reflections on Thanksgiving Dinner
Archbishop Demetrios For Thanksgiving Day 2010
The Final Divine
Liturgy of Fr. Alexander Schmemann
A Happy Thanksgiving to all!
References:Reprinted, with permission, from John Sanidopoulos's
Icons courtesy of www.eikonografos.com used with permission.